Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
How BPH is diagnosed?
To diagnose BPH, the urologist must first assess the patient’s clinical history, and then conduct a digital rectal exam to estimate the size of the prostate and check for the presence of nodules. Specific blood and urine tests are also carried out, including a test to measure the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood, a urine test to check for bleeding or infection. Other tests include uroflowmetry - a test that measures the urine jet to determine if the bladder is obstructed, cystoscopy - an endoscopic examination for urethra and bladder problems, transrectal prostate ultrasound (TRUS) – to obtain a detailed image of the shape and size of the prostate gland, and a PVR (postvoid residual urine volume) test – to measure the amount of residual urine in the bladder after urination.