Is BPH associated with prostate cancer?

This is not known with certainty. Several studies have shown a possible association between prostate gland enlargement and prostate cancer development, but the phenomenon has yet to be studied methodically. In any case, it should be emphasised again that BPH and prostate cancer are two very different pathological conditions, though one disease does not exclude the other. Whenever there are issues concerning the prostate gland, prostate cancer must be ruled out at the beginning of diagnosis.