What to eat (and not eat) with an enlarged prostate
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

What to eat (and not eat) with an enlarged prostate

It’s a little gland the size of a walnut, hiding just behind the bladder. During sex, it produces and emits prostate fluid, which is the liquid that contains important substances that help to nourish and guide the sperm. Obviously, we are talking about the prostate. This organ that, with age, causes some to suffer from the “benign prostatic hyperplasia,” which is an abnormal enlargement that can compromise its proper functioning and push on the urethra preventing the flow of urine.

It’s a rather common condition according to a study published globally in Lancet in 2010. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) affects about 210 million men, about 6% of the population. Prostate gland function is regulated by several sex hormones, like testosterone, which is converted into another hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). If DHT levels are too high, they can result in an enlargement of prostate cells resulting finally in BPH. One of the possible methods to prevent the disease and relieve symptoms once they are already present is through diet.

Many foods and beverages have a direct affect on testosterone and the other sex hormones. Recent scientific research has found that a diet composed primarily of meats and dairy can increase the risk of an enlarged prostate and cancer. This risk increases if there is not a sufficient vegetal component (fruits and vegetables) in the diet.

On the other hand, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and “good” fats could help to protect the prostate. Some foods that are beneficial for the prostate are salmon (rich in omega 3, which helps prevent and reduce inflammation), tomatoes (high in lycopene, an antioxidant), berries (blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, which are full of antioxidants), broccoli (which contains sulforaphane), walnuts (high in zinc, which seems to help balance testosterone and DHT), citrus (which is high in vitamin C).

As mentioned before, meat (especially red and processed meat) and dairy should be consumed in moderation.

HFTHQ 20-36
Bibliographical references

Nicole Galan, RN - "What foods are good for an enlarged prostate?" - 2018 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-017-0953-1

Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC6350784&blobtype=pdf

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