Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is defined as the inability to obtain or maintain an erection sufficient for a satisfactory sexual intercourse. Large epidemiological studies showed that up to 50% of the male population could face ED during a life course.
Erectile dysfunction is defined as the inability to attain or maintain a penile erection “sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance”. The causes of erectile dysfunction are categorized as organic, psychogenic, or mixed. Organic aetiologies account for 80% of cases and include vascular, neurogenic, hormonal, or drug-induced. Vasculogenic erectile dysfunction now accounts for most organic erectile dysfunction due to abnormalities in penile arterial inflow and venous outflow.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and sexual dysfunction (SD) are highly prevalent conditions, frequently coexisting in the same aging male group. This association can be partly explained by the high prevalence of comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes) in older men, often suffering from BPH, which are risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED). On the other hand, BPH seems to impact sexual function both directly and indirectly negatively.
Unlike in women, in men the biological functions that are needed for procreation, are not characterized by a rapid decline such as is observed in women’s menopause. Nonetheless, a rather steady decline in serum testosterone levels and sperm quality is observed as men age, indicating, from an evolutionary biology standpoint, that the importance to procreate diminishes when men age. This is also reflected in the fact that erectile dysfunction, which is characterized as “the inability to get and keep an erection firm enough for sex” is more common as men age.
In the article “How important Is Sex To Health” pharmacist Carol Petersen discusses how lifestyle factors, such as smoking and poor diet, and diseases, such, diabetes, hypertension and obesity, are contributors to poor sexual performance. She further presents beneficial effects of sex and orgasms on men’s health.
Although the reasons for engaging in sex are numerous and psychologically complex, experiencing sexual pleasure is one of the most frequently endorsed sexual motives in both men and women (Meston & Buss, 2007). The elements that define sexual pleasure and how it can be achieved, however, are diverse and individually determined. Couples may commonly find themselves in a loving and long-term relationship, and still be voided of sex. They might engage in sexual activity only a few times each month, or not engage in any sexual activity at all for several months.
Dialogue, empathy and understanding the partner's needs are factors of great importance for sexuality in order for the couple to be safe and satisfied. Especially when menopause hits, the consequences involve both partners. The woman, for obvious reasons, but also the man who must calmly face the physiological changes in his partner. They must face many questions together, but she must convince herself that menopause does not need to “put on the brakes” to life as a couple. For nearly a quarter of all women in menopause, sex plays an important role in expressing oneself.
Everyone knows sex improves our mental and physical wellbeing. In fact, regardless of how often we do it, having sex releases an enormous number of substances that can help relieve stress, improve sleep and many other things. So here, nicely presented in 7 points, is a detailed list of the many benefits that sex has on our health.
There is an app for everything. From exercising, health, diet, and meditating. As for sexual health, it took some time for the digital world to create its own niche, but even in this area headway is being made.
Erectile dysfunction is not a problem only for the men who suffer from it, but also for their partners. And yet, partners often feel reticent to talk about it. There is embarrassment and the fear of hurting the other which prevent communication and lead instead down the road of frustration and resentment. For those who share their bed with a person who suffers from erectile dysfunction and do not know how to act, here are a few tips from the experts at the Harvard Medical School.
The pandemic has turned our daily routines on end. Especially those relating to our social lives and obviously, sex. There is no type of physical contact that brings us closer to one another then sex. And now, we also must think about social distancing, one of the now-normal recommendations in effect to help reduce the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. A team of Brazilian experts, writing in the Archives of Sexual Behaviour, says it is about time to reinvent intimacy. They are thinking about the needs of each person and even attempting sexual consultancy during the pandemic period.
FOCUS: The impossibility of getting away from your partner
Sometimes we think about what we are going to when we’re finished, other times we just want to hurry up and finish and still other times the mind wanders. And so it can be difficult to enjoy oneself and feel satisfied. And yet, to help with our sexual experiences it is important to remain in the moment, in the here and now. An approach similar to that of meditation can work.